Use the BMI chart to determine your BMI rating. The table shows the World Health Organization BMI classification system. The rating scale is the same for male and female.
|Body Mass Index||Status|
|30.0–34.9||Obesity class I|
|35.0–39.9||Obesity class II|
|Above 40||Obesity class III|
The WHO defines the body mass index as “a value derived from the mass and height of a person.” The BMI is the body mass divided by the square of the body height and is expressed in units of kg/m2, resulting from mass in kilograms and height in meters.
In 1993, the WHO assembled an Expert Consultation Group with the aim of developing a uniform classification of the BMI. The results, published in 1995, are valid to this date. Four discrete categories were established: underweight, normal, overweight, and obese.
The 4 categorical ranges for BMI can be plotted against their respective criteria (height and mass measurements) for ease of understanding. Exact values can be inferred through such a curve.
BMI Calculator is an immediate, one step evaluation and non-invasive assessment of body fat. In comparison with other approaches, BMI is based purely on height and weight, and anyone with access to the appropriate equipment can have their BMI tested and calculated on a routine basis with reasonable accuracy. The body mass index is still the parameter-of-choice for defining anthropometric height/weight characteristics in adults.
For both adults and children, BMI Calculator is a reliable indication of body fat. BMI should be used to assess population weight status and as a screening tool to identify prospective weight concerns in individuals.
It is not the only risk identification tool out there but it offers easier application and can be a great start in assessing risk.
If you’re on your goal-weight journey, your BMI will help you understand the energy you need to burn, the most appropriate weight loss goal and the number of calories you need to consume to lose weight and vice versa.
A patient’s BMI is used by medics as a biometric marker of their overall health. The likelihood of a person developing chronic illnesses such as heart disease, hypertension or diabetes relies greatly on his/her healthy BMI.
It is essential for you to know your BMI when you’re thinking about setting yourself up for health and fitness. For example, if you have a BMI of 15, you have to work on weight-gain strategies in order to be healthier. The best route for you to take at this point is to add a caloric surplus of around 3-500 calories per day to put on around 3-4lbs per month until you get your BMI into the healthy range. Similarly, if your BMI is 31, for example, you will be categorized as overweight. Your priority in this case is to lose weight. A caloric surplus of 500-1000 per day, alongside a few weekly trips to the gym, will help you to lose between 4-10 pounds per month, until you come down to a healthier BMI range.
BMI may not be the most accurate measurement because it does not take into account muscle mass or any extra factors that may contribute to abnormal body weight. However, it is objective. You can see the results based on facts and figures. BMI will not sugar-coat things for you.
However, always remember that if your BMI is outside a healthy range, there is likely more to the story than is apparent.
This standardized formula was created by a Belgian mathematician. In the 1830s, Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet set out to find the “l’homme moyen” or the “average man“. His study provided the law of averages to physicists that came after. One can take thousands of measurements, compare them, and find the ideal weight. Through calculating these samples it was found that weight typically increases in relation to the square height of a person.
One major limitation to Quetelet’s experiment was that all the participants were western European men. The experiment could not, however, measure individual health.
Knowing your BMI can help you and your GP determine any health risks you may face if it’s outside of the healthy range.
Being overweight can lead to a range of chronic conditions including:
Being underweight, on the other hand, can result in other health issues like:
As handy as it is, we have to consider exceptions as it happens with all other tests. BMI is a measure of extra weight rather than excess body fat; so, it sometimes serves as a substitute for body fatness.
The difficulties in using BMI calculations also apply to children and adolescents. Other variables, such as height also affect the link between BMI and body fat in children.
Additionally, the accuracy of BMI varies significantly depending to the degree of body fat in children individually.
If your BMI is 18.5 to 24.9, it falls within the normal or “healthy weight” range. If your BMI is 25.0 to 29.9, it falls within the “overweight range”. If your BMI is 30.0 or higher, it falls within the “obese range”.
Consider the examples of four different people, all the same height and weight with a BMI of 26 — technically overweight, according to the index:
The pregnant woman tips the scales because she’s carrying another human. The bodybuilder goes over the limit because of his muscle mass and bone density, which weigh more than fat. The elderly man crosses the line because fat accumulates as people age. The teen may have some weight-related health concerns.
Age, gender, ethnic origin, and muscle mass all affect the link between BMI and body fat. BMI makes no distinction between excess fat, muscle, or bone mass, and does not indicate how fat is distributed among individuals. BMI does not distinguish between body fat and lean body mass. Other measures of body fat, such as skinfold thickness may be more accurate than BMI, according to some studies.
The waist circumference (sometimes divided by height) is another easy way to assess fat distribution and is nowadays a trusted source of measurement.
Our understanding of obesity-related health hazards is based on the relationship of BMI to other health outcomes. There are few reference standards for body fatness based on the above-mentioned metrics, and without established risk categories, determining whether an individual’s body fatness is low, moderate, or high is often challenging.
In any case, abnormal BMI may or may not be associated with any potential risks. A person can be completely healthy and still have an abnormal value for BMI. Similarly, you can be underweight according to your BMI and still be perfectly healthy. Instead of assuming anything, one should take advice from a general practitioner or a nutritionist before taking further measures to improve his/her overall health.